The rapid increase in technological capabilities and digital transformation requires organizations to run continuous upskilling programs for their employees. When designed and delivered appropriately, eLearning courses can be highly engaging and useful for employee development.
Instructional designers use the ADDIE model to design and build organization-wide effective learning programs. In this article, we will introduce the ADDIE model and list the different phases required to deliver a great training or learning intervention.
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The ADDIE model (Analysis, Design, Development, Implementation, and Evaluation) is a generic process used by instructional designers and training developers to develop employee training programs. ADDIE model represents an iterative, dynamic, and flexible guideline for instructional designers to build effective eLearning courses. The model gives you a streamlined, focused approach that provides feedback for continuous improvement.
Here are the 5 phases involved in the ADDIE Model:
The analysis phase is the foundation for all other phases of instructional design. In this phase, you analyze all the factors needed to develop a course. This includes – the problem, training needs, target audience, learning goals, etc. There is no prescribed list of what has to be included in the analysis phase, as it varies according to different organizational requirements. With that being said, general outputs include:
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The design phase involves using outputs from the analysis phase to plan a strategy for developing the instructional course. During this phase, you outline how to reach the instructional goals determined during the analysis phase and expand the instructional foundation.
Design phase specifies the following:
The development phase builds on both the analysis and design phases. In this phase you bring your storyboards to life and start creating the courses. Each element of the course is developed to match the design phase. The bulk of the development phase centers around the training course production in the selected eLearning authoring tools.
Development phase specifies the following:
The implementation phase refers to presenting and delivering the course material to your learners. This phase must promote the learners’ understanding of material, support the learners’ mastery of objectives, and ensure the transfer of knowledge from the instructional setting to the job.
Key elements of implementation phase are:
The evaluation phase measures the effectiveness and efficiency of the training course. Evaluation takes place throughout the entire instructional design process – within phases, between phases, and after implementation. In this phase, you evaluate whether or not the goals identified in the analysis phase have been achieved, and based on the answer, either forge ahead, make adjustments, or begin the ADDIE process again.
The ADDIE model is used by professional instructional designers for technology-based teaching. It is a standard for professionally developed, high quality distance education programs and is heavily used in corporate eLearning and training programs.
One reason for the widespread use of the ADDIE model in corporate training is that it is heavily associated with high-quality design, clear learning objectives, carefully structured content, controlled workloads for employees, integrated media, relevant learner activities, and assessment strongly tied to desired organizational learning outcomes. ADDIE allows for the design and development of large numbers of courses to standard high quality.
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